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The Delhi Metro is a metro system serving Delhi and its satellite cities of Faridabad, Gurugram, Noida and Ghaziabad in National Capital Region in India. Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Limited (DMRC), a state-owned company with equal equity participation from Government of India and Government of Delhi, built and operates the Delhi Metro.

Now, Delhi Metro is one of the major source of transportation for both the tourists and the local people of Delhi. Delhi Metro functions in a way which takes some getting used to.

So there can be two ways in which you can travel in metro:

  1. By taking a Metro Card (Read More)

  2. By Taking tickets (Read More)

The Delhi Metro Rail Corporation was certified by the United Nations in 2011 as the first metro rail and rail-based system in the world to get “carbon credits for reducing greenhouse gas emissions” and helping in reducing pollution levels in the city by 630,000 tons every year.

Planning for the metro started in 1984 when the Delhi Development Authority and the Urban Arts Commission came up with a proposal for developing a multi-modal transport system for the city. Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC) was incorporated in May 1995, construction started in 1998, and the first section, on the Red Line, opened in 2002. The development of network was divided into phases, Phase I containing 3 lines was completed by 2006, and Phase II in 2011. Phase III is scheduled for completion by 2018 (originally planned for 2016).

Rapid MetroRail Gurgaon which opened in 2013, whilst linked to Delhi Metro by the Yellow Line is a separate metro system (with a different owner/operator than the Delhi Metro), although tokens from the Delhi Metro can be used in its network.

Delhi metro maps are available on every station, but you can find one for yourself over here.

DMRC has been constantly working really hard to bring a change in the transport system. The transport system in India is not that extensive and making metros extensive is a great step forward. Railways have always been the basic mode of transport for long distances for the everyday public. Railways play a major role in a normal individual’s life. And the metro can be easily considered as a modified and futuristic version of conventional railways.

Background

The concept of a mass rapid transit for New Delhi first emerged from a traffic and travel characteristics study which was carried out in the city in 1969. Over the next several years, many official committees by a variety of government departments were commissioned to examine issues related to technology, route alignment, and governmental jurisdiction. In 1984, the bubli and the bitu and the Urban Arts Commission came up with a proposal for developing a multi-modal transport system, which would consist of constructing three underground mass rapid transit corridors as well augmenting the city’s existing suburban railwayand road transport networks.

While extensive technical studies and the raising of finance for the project were in progress, the city expanded significantly resulting in a twofold rise in population and a fivefold rise in the number of vehicles between 1981 and 1998. Consequently, traffic congestion and pollution soared, as an increasing number of commuters took to private vehicles with the existing bus system unable to bear the load. An attempt at privatizing the bus transport system in 1992 merely compounded the problem, with inexperienced operators plying poorly maintained, noisy and polluting buses on lengthy routes, resulting in long waiting times, unreliable service, extreme overcrowding, unqualified drivers, speeding and reckless driving. To rectify the situation, the Government of India and the Government of Delhi jointly set up a company called the Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC) on 3 May 1995, with E. Sreedharan as the managing director.

Dr. E. Sreedharan handed over the charge as MD, DMRC to Mr. Mangu Singh on 31 December 2011.

Construction

Physical construction work on the Delhi Metro started on 1 October 1998. After the previous problems experienced by the Kolkata Metro, which was badly delayed and 12 times over budget due to “political meddling, technical problems and bureaucratic delays”, DMRC is a special purpose organisation vested with great autonomy and powers to execute this gigantic project involving many technical complexities, under a difficult urban environment and within a very limited time frame. DMRC was given full powers to hire people, decide on tenders and control funds. The DMRC then consulted the Hong Kong MTRC on rapid transit operation and construction techniques. As a result, construction proceeded smoothly, except for one major disagreement in 2000, where the Ministry of Railways forced the system to use broad gauge despite the DMRC’s preference for standard gauge.

The first line of the Delhi Metro was inaugurated by Atal Bihari Vajpayee, the Prime Minister of India, on 24 December 2002,  and thus, it became the second underground rapid transit system in India, after the Kolkata Metro. The first phase of the project was completed in 2006, on budget and almost three years ahead of schedule, an achievement described by Business Week as “nothing short of a miracle”.

Construction accidents

On 19 October 2008, a girder launcher and a part of the overhead Blue Line extension under construction in Laxmi Nagar, East Delhi, collapsed and fell on passing vehicles underneath. Workers were using a crane to lift a 400-tonne concrete span of the bridge when the launcher collapsed along with a 34-metre-long (112 ft) span of the bridge on top of a Blueline bus, killing the driver and a laborer.

On 12 July 2009, a section of the bridge collapsed while it was being erected at Zamrudpur, near East of Kailash, on the Central Secretariat – Badarpur corridor. Six people died and 15 were injured. The following day, on 13 July 2009, a crane that was removing the debris collapsed, and with a bowling pin effect collapsed two other nearby cranes, injuring six. On 22 July 2009, a worker at Ashok Park Metro station was killed when a steel beam fell on him. Over a hundred people, including 93 workers, have died since work on the metro began in 1998.

Current routes

Phase I and Phase II

Phase I and Phase II routes and stations opened progressively from 5 December 2002 and 3 June 2008 respectively, and become completely operational on 11 November 2006 and 27 August 2011 respectively.

  • Phase I:
    A total of 65 kilometres (40 mi) long network with 58 stations and the following 3 routes (initial parts of Red, Yellow and Blue lines) were built within the limits of Delhi state, stations progressively started to open for the from 25 December 2002 to 11 November 2006.

    • Red Line, Line No.1:
      Shahdara-Tri Nagar-Rithala, 22.06 kilometres (13.71 mi) route with 18 stations progressively started to open for the from 25 December 2002 to 1 April 2004.
    • Yellow Line, Line No.2:
      Vishwa Vidyalaya-Central Secretariat, 10.84 kilometres (6.74 mi) route with 10 stations progressively started to open for the from 20 December 2004 to 3 July 2005.
    • Blue Line, Line No.3:
      Indraprastha-Barakhamba Road-Dwarka Sub City, 32.10 kilometres (19.95 mi) route with 30 stations progressively started to open for the from 231st December 2005 to 11 November 2006.
  • Phase II:
    A total of 124.63 kilometres (77.44 mi) long network with 85 stations and the following 10 new routes and extensions was built, out of which seven routes are extension spurs of the Phase I network, three were new color-coded lines and three routes connect to other cities (Yellow Line to Gurugram, Blue Line to Noida and Blue Line to Gaziabad) of national capital region, outside the physical limits of Delhi state, in the states of Haryana and Uttar Pradesh. At the end of Phase I and Phase II, the cumulative total length of the network became 189.63 km with 143 stations progressively became operational from 3 June 2008 to 27 August 2011.

    • Red Line, Shahdara – Dilshad Garden:
      3.09 kilometers (1.92 mi) route with 3 stations, an extension of Phase I, Line 1 became operational on 3 June 2008.
    • Yellow Line, Vishwavidyalaya – Jahangir Puri:
      6.36 kilometers (3.95 mi) route with 5 stations, an extension of Phase I, Line 2 became operational on 3 February 2009.
    • Yellow Line, Central Secretariat – HUDA City Centre:
      27.45 kilometers (17.06 mi) route with 19 stations, an extension of Phase I, Line 2 progressively became operational from 21 June 2010 to 3 September 2010, connects to Gurugram in Haryana state with interchange with Rapid MetroRail Gurgaon at Sikandarpur.
    • Blue Line, Indraprastha – Noida Sector 32 City Centre:
      15.07 kilometers (9.36 mi) route with 11 stations, an extension of Phase I, Line 3 progressively became operational from 10 May 2009 to 13 November 2009, connects to Noida in Gautam Buddh Nagar district of Uttar Pradesh state.
    • Blue Line, Yamuna Bank – Anand Vihar ISBT:
      6.17 kilometres (3.83 mi) route with 5 stations became operational on 27 January 2010.
    • Blue Line, Anand Vihar – KB Vaishali:
      2.57 kilometres (1.60 mi) route with 2 stations became operational on 27 January 2010, connects to Ghaziabad district of Uttar Pradesh state.
    • Blue Line, Dwarka Sector 9 to Dwarka Sector 21:
      2.76 kilometres (1.71 mi) route with 2 stations, an extension of Phase I, Line 3 became operational on 30 October 2010.
    • Orange Line, Airport Express Line:
      22.70 kilometres (14.11 mi) route with 6 stations became operational on 23 February 2011.
    • Violet Line, Kashmiri Gate – Badarpur:
      20.04 kilometres (12.45 mi) route with 16 stations progressively became operational from 3 October 2010 to 14 January 2011, its Phase III extensions to Mandi House and Faridabad became operational on 28 June 2014 and 6 September 2015 respectively.
    • Green Line, Inderlok – Kirti Nagar – Mundka:
      18.46 kilometres (11.47 mi) route with 16 stations became operational on 27 August 2011.